BSAEU B.Ed 1st Semester Practicum English Version || Course: 1.1.1, Childhood and Growing Up || Observe the various age group children (Early Childhood, Later Childhood, Adolescent) in various situations like in the classroom, playground, at home, with parents, friends, siblings and list down the characteristics of them in physical, social, emotional and intellectual domain.

Introduction:

At the heart of any child’s growth is his or her overall growth and development. These two elements play a major role in adapting to any changing environment. The increase is indicated by the measurement 7 by some characteristic changes, such as height, weight, etc. On the other hand, the developmental pattern of a child can be perceived through observation.

Characteristics of Development:

  1. Development is an uninterrupted Death develops from the womb.
  2. Development in different areas of the child is That is, physical, social, temporal or intellectual development are interrelated.
  3. Development is a personal process and the root of personal
  4. Developmental traits always move from holistic to

Components of Development:

Factors that affect a child’s development can be divided into two main categories:

Internal components:

  1. The material obtained at birth
  2. Biological material
  3. Explosive material
  4. Social nature
  5. Intelligence

External Components:

  1. The environment while in the womb. These include the mother’s physical and social health, the mother’s nutrition and care, the nature of childbirth, and so on.
  2. Postnatal environment. Such as any special influential event or accident in life, natural diseases, treatment opportunities, available social and agricultural facilities etc.

Types of Development:

There are four main types of development. E.g.

Physical Development:

In this case the development results in changes in the physical size, weight and height of the

Social Development:

As a result of this development, the child gradually becomes prosperous in socializing in different spheres of society and also develops the necessary social

Impulsive Development:

This development results in the formation of ideas about the various stimuli of the child and other people around him and he learns to control those

Intellectual Development:

This development results in the development of the child’s mental and intellectual

Stages Of Development According To Age:

 

Level Of Development Estimated Deadline
Prenatal From fertilization to 280 days or before delivery
At Birth Delivery time
Childhood 0 to 2 years
The First Child 2 to 6 years
The Answer Is Childhood 6 to 11 years
Adolescence 11 to 18 years
Adult 18 to 60 years
Old Man 61 to death

  Since in this particular case the data will be collected from the school students who have reached the early childhood, it is very important to form a general idea about the different areas of development at this stage of development.

Common Features of Different Areas of Early Childhood Development:

The stage from 6 to 11 years is called post-childhood. Physical Development:

  1. In size and weight, the brain is almost like an
  2. Increases vitality and
  3. Does not get tired
  4. Length and weight increase
  5. New teeth appear instead of childhood
  6. Facial changes
  7. The fine muscles of the body are also fully
  8. The lower limbs of the body grow at a higher

Social Development:

  1. Teams are formed between boys and girls of the same
  2. Parents are loyal to the
  3. Increases interest in team
  4. Increases the mindset of
  5. The mentality of working and learning from oneself is seen in the social

Peripheral Development:

  1. Able to control
  2. The presence of objects is not essential for the expression of
  3. Ecstatic expressions of various provocative feelings related to pleasure are seen.
  4. Fear is seen in the context of appropriate
  5. The younger siblings are seen as
  6. The fear of being deprived of parental affection is seen in
  7. There is a marked change in the proximal response to the

Intellectual Development:

  1. The ability to classify is Different objects or subjects can be divided into specific feature categories.
  2. Arrange the objects in ascending or descending order, that is, in order of order, on the basis of certain
  3. The child can see many similar objects and come to a This

power is called ascending mind power.

  1. Sensible things are able to be arranged in different ways of thinking. Abstract thinking is not very

Objectives:

The objectives that this particular practice will be able to achieve are-

  1. Formation of direct ideas about different types of development of
  2. Formation of direct perceptions about the features of physical, social,mental and peripheral development.
  3. Development of perceptual skills as a method of data.
  4. Students of a certain age form ideas and gain experience about different stages of development.

Observation As A Method Of Data Collection:

This practice will use observation method as data collection method. That is, the data collector will collect information through a specific objective understanding. The steps you have to go through in this data collection method are-

  1. School
  2. Student
  3. Obtaining Permission For Data
  4. Data
  5. Recording Of
  6. Data

School Selection:

The nearest school has been selected for the overall implementation of this practice. Name of the school 7.

Student Selection:

A few children from northern childhood have been selected for the job. The age of the selected students is 8/9 years. The characteristics of 2 students are shown as a sample in Practicum.

Obtaining Permission For Data Collection:

Permission has been obtained from the headmaster / teacher of the selected school for overall implementation of this practice.

Data Collection:

Selected students were observed in the classroom and on the playground. Observed how selected students interacted with others. The work has been done by adopting covert observation method for this practice. That is, the observation was made without informing the students. Moreover, systematic monitoring methods have been used. Some criteria have been set to systematize the observation work. They are-

  1. Observation of Physical Developmental Features.
  2. Observation of Social Developmental Characteristics.
  3. Observation of Parasitic Developmental Features.
  4. Observation of Mental Developmental Characteristics.

Data Recording:

An observation table has been prepared based on the information obtained by observing the two selected students. Respectively-

TABLE NO-1

 

    Selected Children Name: Priya Majumdar Age: 6 years Level: Early Childhood Class: III Duration: 9am to 2pm Duration: 5 hours
        Of Physical Characteristics 1.   The baby weighs 55 pounds. (Subject to conjecture) 2.   Height 48 inches. 3.   In the classroom, the child is seen reducing physical activity in front of the teacher. 4.   In the absence of the teacher, he plays and performs in the classroom. 5.   The child is quite active in the physical education class. 6.   The child is seen participating in sports like running, cricket etc.
      Of Social Characteristics 1.   Any task given by the teacher in the classroom is done with effort. 2.   She works on projects with friends. 3.   The child is also seen to be interested in learning new things from friends. 4.   The relationship of the other students in the class with the child is good. 5.   The child is also well known to the teachers.

 

    Of Propulsive Properties 1.   If the teacher tells the child well in the classroom, he can control his own excitement. 2.   If the teacher says something negative to the child for any reason, he tries to understand the teacher and accepts it even if he feels bad. 3.   He does not react too quickly to any unpleasant incident in the classroom.
        Of Mental Characteristics 1.   The child can quickly come to a conclusion by looking at something. 2.   He is able to form quick ideas about any tangible subject. 3.   He can quickly classify content. 4.   He can sort things out in stages. 5.   Students are more focused in the classroom. 6.   He is able to respond quickly to questions from the teacher. 7.   He is seen trying to answer any question.

 

TABLE NO-2

    Selected Children Name: Akash Das Age: 14 years Level: Adolescence Class: IX Duration: 11 am to 4pm Duration: 5 hours
        Of Physical Characteristics 1.   The baby weighs 76 pounds. (Subject to conjecture) 2.   Height 60 inches. 3.   In the classroom, the child is seen reducing physical activity in front of the teacher. 4.   In the absence of the teacher, he plays and performs in the classroom. 5.   The child is quite active in the physical education class. 6.   The child is seen participating in sports like running, cricket etc.

 

      Of Social Characteristics 1.   Any task given by the teacher in the classroom is done with effort. 2.   She works on projects with friends. 3.   The child is also seen to be interested in learning new things from friends. 4.   The relationship of the other students in the class with the child is good. 5.   The child is also well known to the teachers.
    Of Propulsive Properties 1.   If the teacher tells the child well in the classroom, he can control his own excitement. 2.   If the teacher says something negative to the child for any reason, he tries to understand the teacher and accepts it even if he feels bad. 3.   He does not react too quickly to any unpleasant incident in the classroom.
        Of Mental Characteristics 1.   The child can quickly come to a conclusion by looking at something. 2.   He is able to form quick ideas about any tangible subject. 3.   He can quickly classify content. 4.   He can sort things out in stages. 5.   Students are more focused in the classroom. 6.   He is able to respond quickly to questions from the teacher. 7.   He is seen trying to answer any question.

 

Data analysis:

A list of student developmental traits was obtained by observing selected students. The list is presented below.

Criteria For Observation List Of Developmental Features
Physical Developmental Characteristics 1.   Participates Actively In Sports. 2.   Complete Control Over The Movement of Bodily Organs Is Created.

 

    Social Developmental Characteristics 1.   There Is A Tendency To Make Friends. 2.   The Influence Of Friends Increases. 3.   Social Skills Are Acquired. 4.   Attempts Are Made To Gain Social Recognition. 5.   A Conflict of Zeal And Inferiority is Created.
Peripheral Developmental Features 1.   Learns to Understand His Own Agitation. 2.   Can Control His Own Agitation. 3.   Understand The Agitation of Others.
  Mental Developmental Characteristics 1.   Classification Capabilities Are Created. 2.   The Ability To Sequence Is Created. 3.   Ascending Thinking Ability Is Created. 4.   Able To Think Tangible.

 

References:

The conclusions reached by the analysis of the observational data after the observation are-

According To the First Criterion:

By looking at the physical developmental characteristics of the two children, it is understood that they are completely appropriate in terms of physical constitution and well-being. Their physical height, weight, volume, and non-circulatory skills are completely normal. Their activity shows that the students do not have any physical disabilities. That is, their physical development is going on properly.

According To the Second Criterion:

The social development of the observed children is also going well. The process of their social transformation and socialization is also going well. Their social acceptance is also good enough.

According To the Third Criterion:

The ability of the observed students to control the various qualities/characteristics of the parasitic is being developed. They are able to control their own temptations as well as understand the temptations of others. They are also able to use the stimulus in different situations.

According To the Fourth Criterion:

From the mental characteristics of the children observed, it is seen that the mental development as per the age of the children is going on properly. Their intellectual development is completely normal. They are able to perform all kinds of mental functions according to age. In other words, their mental development is going on in the right way. In other words, it is possible to conclude from this that all aspects of the observed students (physical, social, proximal, mental development is going on properly).

Conclusion:

Students need to know and aim at each stage of development in order to determine which age-appropriate method of teaching will be appropriate. Students need to be assessed in harmony with the characteristics of each stage of development. The present practice has been performed for this purpose. There have been many problems to get the job done. For example, it has been possible to observe the student in the school classroom and playground, but it is not possible for the teacher to observe at home or anywhere else. Again it is not an easy task to observe many students at the same time. However, despite many limitations, every effort has been made to make the work a success.

Reference Books:

  1. Pal Debashish, Childhood and Growing Up, Rita Publications,
  2. Sarkar Bijan, Childhood and Growing Up, Aaheli Publishers.

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More Practicums (English Version):

  1. Visit a School (Practice Teaching) and find out the different Measures/ Activities taken by schools or teachers for Healthy Mental Health of the Children by Interviewing School Teachers.
  2. List down few (Classroom) Learning situations involving insightful learning
  3. Observe the various age group children (Early Childhood, Later Childhood, Adolescent) in various situations like in the classroom, playground, at home, with parents, friends, siblings and list down the characteristics of them in physical, social, emotional and intellectual domain.
  4. Observe Some Successful Teachers And List Down The Behaviour Characteristics Which Impress You 

More Practicums (Bengali Version):

  1. Visit a School (Practice Teaching) and find out the different Measures/ Activities taken by schools or teachers for Healthy Mental Health of the Children by Interviewing School Teachers.
  2. List down few (Classroom) Learning situations involving insightful learning
  3. Observe the various age group children (Early Childhood, Later Childhood, Adolescent) in various situations like in the classroom, playground, at home, with parents, friends, siblings and list down the characteristics of them in physical, social, emotional and intellectual domain.
  4. Observe Some Successful Teachers And List Down The Behaviour Characteristics Which Impress You

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