We have progressed significantly over time. In response to the realization of the importance of education, various educational systems have emerged at different times. Still, research is being done to improve schooling. Rabindranath Tagore gave new life to the modern education system. Poet Rabindranath is the wonder of the modern age because of his creativity, originality of ideas and presentation. He is world’s greatest poet as well as world’s greatest thinker. He was a school runaway boy.
From his early years, Kabiguru was not interested in attending an institutional school. He was sent to study at several domestic and international schools. However, he was unable to learn well in any school. Rabindranath Tagore once said that education is the education of the heart. He made it very evident in this quotation that “education is the object of education.” It need to be as similar to the food issue as feasible. The initial bite of food triggers the joy of taste, making the stomach happy even before it is full. “A machine that has been created to make boys human, the education of human power cannot be complete through it,” he stated in reference to the school.
The motto of Rabindranath’s philosophy of life was – “The God of love resides in the endless land of what is superfluous in our lives“. This philosophy was the essence of Indian philosophy. He may not have received the formal education, but he received the practical education. The fame he earned is his own. Of course, behind this was the encouragement of his father and the lively atmosphere of the family. He criticized the traditional education in particular, saying – “The customs of our country do not give place to anything ideal. The education of sense should be given the main place in our schools.” That is, he meant “the complete development of the student’s personality.“
Goals of Education:
According to him, the main goals of education will be – the development of independent thinking, physical development, moral and spiritual development, and social development. He mentioned the multi-faceted education with the one-sided teaching of the school and said – “Not only that, the limited scope of knowledge in the scope of textbooks in our country, but all kinds of crafts, arts, dances, music, drama and all the education and practices that are needed for the development of the village, I will admit that all belong to this culture. I know that all these are necessary for the full development of the mind.”
In the field of education, he placed the teacher in the seat of Guru. He has expressed in the book ‘Shape of Ashram and Development’ how a true Guru will be – ‘The Guru’s heart withers one by one, then he is not unfit to take charge of the boys’. This statement is again echoed in the essay “The Flow of Education“. He wrote about the teacher – “Man can learn from man, as water fills a reservoir, flame kindles a flame, so life is transmitted by life.“
In the field of education, he elevated the instructor to the rank of guru. In “The Shape and Development of the Ashram” he describes the qualities of a true Guru, saying that “when the son in the Guru’s heart dries up one by one, he is not unfit to take charge of the sons.” The article “The Flow of Learning” repeats this claim. The author writes about the teacher –
“Man can learn from man, as water fills a reservoir, flame kindles a flame, so life is transmitted by life,“.
He did not limit himself to writing his thoughts only. He applied them in practical cases. The establishment of Visva Bharati University in Santiniketan in 1922 is a final form of Rabindranath’s educational thought. In his essay “Education Union” he spoke about the world unity. His essay is the song of the victory of the human race. But somewhere there is a tone of pain. He wrote – “The fence of geography has been broken today for the sake of science. Nations have come closer to each other. Nations are coming together but not matching. Today, the whole world is suffering from this strange pain”.
Rabindranath’s philosophy of life, philosophy of education, philosophy of society, spiritual philosophy, etc., there is no field where the poet has not roamed freely. He has composed an indescribable paala song of ‘Poush Phaguner‘ of people’s eternal happiness and sadness.